Spondyloarthritis is the term for a family of inflammatory rheumatologic conditions. This condition affects the ligaments and tendons that attach to bones known as entheses. The demographic most affected by these diseases are males in their teens and early 20s. If you have relatives who have spondyloarthritis, then you are at a higher risk.
Symptoms can appear in a few different ways. Firstly, inflammation causes pain and stiffness in the back. The second type is bone destruction, which leads to deformities. There is a variety of spondyloarthritis, but the most common form is ankylosing spondylitis. All of the forms are listed below.
- Ankylosing Spondylitis
- Axial Spondylitis
- Peripheral Spondyloarthritis
- Reactive Arthritis
- Psoriatic Arthritis
- Enteropathic Arthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis is a hereditary condition caused by several genes. 30 of the genes have been identified, but the primary contender to the disease is HLA-B27. This condition is found in men around the age of 20 three times more often than the opposite sex.
Diagnosing and Treating Spondyloarthritis
Diagnosing spondyloarthritis requires an examination of the patient’s body and medical records. Imagining tests or blood tests may also be used to determine the diagnosis. It is possible X-rays do not show enough evidence of the condition. If symptoms are prominent, then the doctor may use an MRI for further evidence.
As with many other rheumatologic illnesses, spondyloarthritis is not curable. Fortunately, drug treatments and physical therapy can help manage this condition. There is a vast number of drug treatments, such as NSAIDs. There are many types of NSAIDs, and none of them work better than the last. Additionally, corticosteroid medications and antirheumatic drugs are also prescribed.
Patients will experience pain, fatigue, and stiffness when living with spondyloarthritis. Regardless of these symptoms, patients typically live normal lives. Newer medications and treatment options have made living with spondyloarthritis easier. Frequent exercise and quitting smoking are other great ways to improve the quality of life.
Give Us a Call Today
Spondyloarthritis is a severe condition and should be handled with great care. Dr. Brionez can diagnose and treat symptoms of spondyloarthritis. Patients do not have to suffer from this condition. Give Advanced Rheumatology of Houston a call at (281) 766-7886 for an appointment.